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The shadow economy : an international survey

Friedrich Schneider author Dominik Enste author. 2002

Online access

  • Title:
    The shadow economy : an international survey
  • Author: Friedrich Schneider author
  • Dominik Enste author.
  • Subjects: Informal sector (Economics); Business enterprises -- Corrupt practices; Commercial crimes; Tax evasion; Undocumented immigrants; Welfare fraud; Fraud
  • Description: The shadow economy: a challenge for economic and social policy -- Defining the shadow economy -- Methods to estimate the size of the shadow economy -- Size of shadow economies around the world -- The size of the shadow economic labour force -- An integrated approach to explain deviant behaviour -- Analysing the causes and measures of economic policy -- Effects of the increasing shadow economy -- The two-pillar strategy -- Conclusion and outlook.
    Illicit work, social security fraud, economic crime and other shadow economy activities are fast becoming an international problem. Friedrich Schneider and Dominik H. Enste use currency demand, physical input (electricity) method, and the model approach to estimate the size of the shadow economy in 76 developing, transition and OECD-countries. They argue that during the 1990's the average size of a shadow economy varied from 12 per cent of GDP for OECD, to 23 per cent for transition and to 39% for developing countries. They examine the causes and consequences of this development using an integrated approach explaining deviant behaviour, which combines the findings of economic, sociological and psychological research. The authors suggest that increasing taxation, social security contributions, rising state regulatory activities and the decline of the tax morale, are all driving forces behind this growth, especially in OECD-countries. They propose a reform of state institutions to improve the dynamics of the official economy.
  • Publisher: Cambridge, United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press
  • Creation Date: 2002
  • Format: 1 online resource (238 pages).
  • Language: English
  • Identifier: ISBN051104559X;ISBN9780511045592;ISBN1280159685;ISBN9781280159688;ISBN1107133513;ISBN0511120559;ISBN0511042469;ISBN0511148852;ISBN0511493592;ISBN0511306040
  • OCLC Number: 437063445
  • Institution Zone MMS ID: 991000435847503378$$I01TRAILS_CDKC
  • Network Zone MMS ID: 9911569609003366
  • Source: 01TRAILS ALMA

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